Offensive Information Warfare
Information warfare is a veritable option for the U.S. to employ to advance its foreign policy interests. As the pre-eminent information society, the United States possesses the technological knowledge to wage an effective information war. Though information warfare falls under the auspices of the DoD, some information warfare techniques could be employed by the IC in executing covert action operations.
Defensive Information Warfare
The DoD and the IC have done a commendable job in identifying and adjusting to the new national security threat posed by information warfare. However, there is still work to be done. Thus the following is recommended: (1)National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) with the assistance of the National Security Agency (NSA) and Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) should set computer security standards and objectives for the private sector; (2)a joint and powerful commission with representatives from law enforcement, industry, and the scientific community, as well as ranking members of Congress, should review the current policy on encryption and the political impasse that surrounds it; (3)the DoD must lessen its dependence on the National Information Infrastructure (NII) or develop a secure, emergency form of communication in the event of an information warfare attack; (4)the NII threat assessment should be prepared in a declassified format to be released to the public; (5)and there should be continued coordination, namely Dual Use Technology, between the government and industry.