Advanced Processor

What are the steps taken by 8086 when interrupt comes?

The following steps occur when an interrupt occurs ( both for hardware and software ) – First thing the contents of the flag register the CS and IP are...

The Page Directory and Page Table

The Page Directory and Page Table   Figure 2-13 shows the page directory, a few page tables, and some memory pages. There is only one page directory in the...

Page Tables

Page Tables   A page table is simply an array of 32-bit page specifiers. A page table is itself a page, and therefore contains 4 Kilobytes of memory or...

Translation Lookaside Buffer (TLB)

Translation Lookaside Buffer (TLB)   Every time the CPU accesses virtual memory, a virtual address must be translated to the corresponding physical address. Conceptually, this translation requires a page-table...

Contest Switching

A context switch is a procedure that a computer’s CPU (central processing unit) follows to change from one task (or process) to another while ensuring that the tasks do...

Interrupt Vector Table (IVT) for Real Mode Exception Handling

Interrupts in Real Mode are handled through the Interrupt Vector Table (IVT). The Interrupt Vector Table (IVT) is a list of Interrupt Vectors. There are 256 Interrupts in the...

Architecture of Sun Sparc Microprocessor

Features of Intel Pentium Processor

Features of Intel Pentium Processor:-   Complex Instruction Set Computer (CISC) architecture with Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC) performance. 64-Bit Bus Upward code compatibility. Pentium processor uses Superscalar architecture...

Reduced Instruction Set Computing (RISC)

RISC (reduced instruction set computer) is a microprocessor that is designed to perform a smaller number of types of computer instructions so that it can operate at a higher...

Core-2-Duo: Architecture